The group of sleep deprived mice had much higher blood sugar levels, and the production of triglycerides in the liver also increased. Triglycerides are fats associated with insulin resistance, a hallmark of diabetes.
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Additionally, sleep deprivation led to changes in liver enzymes that are responsible for regulating the liver's metabolism.
Wholegrains against diabetes
A daily dose of wholegrains, such as oats, wheat or rye, can reduce the risk of developing diabetes.
The participants were asked to list the type of wholegrain products they consumed each day. Items listed, included bread, muesli and porridge.
After 15 years, the researchers followed up with the participants. The results showed that people who ate wholegrains each day had a lower risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.